The PRAT®-standard

This PRAT®-standard describes content in and examination requirements for the education to:Authorized Professional Rope Access Technician®.

A. General requirements:
1) Age
2) First aid
3) Insurance etc.

B. Skills etc:
1) Knots, belaying, belaytools
2) Setting up ropes. Belaystations
3) Equipment; knowledge and use
4) Belaying and lead-climbing
5) Prusik- and jumarclimbing
6) Abseiling
7) Soloclimbing and selfbelaying
8) Communication
9) Emergency- and rescue-techniques

General requirements:

1) Age:
Minimum 18 years of age.
2) First aid:
Extended first-aid-education, at least 30 h., issued by a known and recognised party.
3) Insurance:
Knowledge and understanding of insurances, relevant to industrial/commercial use of rope access and climbing equipment.
Skills etc:
1) Knots, belaying and belaytools.
Candidate must show:
Safe practices with figure-8 loop, double figure-8 knot, double fishermans knot, reef knot, clove hitch, bowline knot, tape knot, overhandknot and friction knots such as ie. prusik, Bachman and Klemheist.
Safe use of different belay-brakes and of the italian hitch.
Understanding disadvantages and advantages of belaying from the body and belaying directly from the anchorpoints.
2) Belaystations, anchorpoints.
Candidate must show routine in:
Setting up safe belays.
Making attachments and tying in with the help of both double figure-8 knot, bowline knot and clove hitch.
Establishing safe anchors from multiple anchorpoints (ie. equalization of points).
Safe positioning of gates on double carabiners.
3) Equipment, knowledge and use.
Candidate must show good understanding of:
Ropes; Disadvantages and advantages of using single- and doubleropes, construction, length, strength, diameter, materials, maintenance, storage, dynamics, risks by use, coiling and UIAA.
Harnesses; Disadvantages and advantages of various types (ie. sit-, combination- and fullbody-harnesses), tying in, abseiling and attaching to these.
Carabiners; Strength, materials, risks, advantages and disadvantages of aluminium / steel, shapes, various locking techniques.
Slings; materials, types, maintenance etc.
Jumars etc; use and risks involved with using ie. prusik, jumars, gri-gri and shunt.
Abseil/descending-tools; use and risks.
Fallarresters; use and risks.
4) Belaying and leadclimbing.
Candidate must show great routine in:
Belaying a climber, moving on a toprope.
Belaying a leading climber, moving up and traversing/moving horizontally.
Placing safe stoppers when leadclimbing and traversing.
Using, understanding and calculating fallfactor.

5) Prusik- and jumarclimbing.
Candidate must show great routine in:
Climbing up and down a freehanging rope with prusiks, jumars and ie. ID’20.
Passing from abseil to climbing and vice versa.
6) Abseiling.
Candidate must show great routine in: Establishing abseils, setting up and connecting to safe anchorpoints.
Avoiding friction/wear.
Knowledge and safe use of various abseil-methods ie. using figure-of-eight, Sticht, Gri-gri and Italian Hitch.
Using prusik and Klemheist as back up safety.
Loosening jammed prusiks.
Locking off the various abseil-tools. Tying topgether ropes, even of varying thicknesses.
7) Soloclimbing and selfbelaying.
Candidate must show great routine in:
Selfbelaying, using sliding stoppers, moving both up, down and sideways in ie. ladders and scaffolds etc.
Using and understanding various fall arresters.

8) Communication.
Candidate must show routine in:
Using agreed communication in belaying and using radio communication.
Using agreed warning calls.
9) Emergency- and rescue-techniques.
Candidate must show great routine in:
Freeing a locked prussik.
Performing a partner rescue by hauling up an injured partner by establishing an improvised 1:3 winchsystem.
Performing a partner rescue by lowering an injured partner.
Performing a partner rescue by lowering and then extending the rope by another rope and “passing” the knot through the system.

The safest industrial rope access authorization
Enables you to do all kinds of rope-access work with the highest possible level of safety